Calendars based on the moon were prevalent in desert cultures whose sky was nearly always clear to use the phases to depict a timeline/cycle. Hebrew, Muslim, Indian, Chinese: these locations were also *not to far from the equator to make the seasons not as differentiating. Consider the extreme of the poles where large amts of time are either in complete darkness or sun. With the advent of the the industrial revolution and the temperate climates that housed the mechanizations (just imagine hot coal fire plants in the Deep South or slightly chilly Detroit?) - reason maybe why China is better in factories than India (call-centers/offices, though manufacturing will have to be on the subcontinent; just smaller proportions, etc), the Julian/Gregorian calendars became more prevalent. So, back to Europe (Western cal): the moon is less reliable where cloudiness comes into factor but the Sun is always apparent (even in rain).
So, is the moon time effect doomed. Is it relegated to special forces operation planning and nostalgia? No, well there's harvesting of tidal energy maybe. But, I wonder if that can be propagated to wind energy? Tides effect moisture in the air which effects air currents. Far fetched. Just call me crazy - but we got the butterfly effect... Actually this is preposterous, just plain boring.